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書籍:史帝芬‧柯維:高效率人士的七個習慣 [複製鏈接]

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發表於 2014-9-18 23:05:13 |顯示全部樓層
本帖最後由 hlperng 於 2014-10-28 20:38 編輯

Stephen R. Covey (1989), The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People - Powerful Lessons in Personal Change史帝芬‧柯維(Stephen R. Covey)在其1989年的暢銷書《高效率人士的七個習慣》

此書國內翻譯為《與成功有約》,這樣的中文翻譯本書名,將申請註冊商標(TM)的七個習慣名稱給模糊了,另外的案子,Peter Drucker (1966)的暢銷書 "The Effective Executive",遠流將書名翻譯成〈杜拉克談高效能的五個習慣〉,好像跟五個、六個或四個習慣無關。杜拉克的書名沒有習慣,中文書名翻譯有習慣;柯維的書名有習慣,中文書名翻譯卻沒有習慣。國內出版社翻譯暢銷書時,總是喜歡將書名當做電影片名處理,改變中文書名,譯者不是作者,有點不尊重原著作與原作者的精神,被找來背書寫序的學者專家好像也不在乎。

柯維認為高效率人士有七個習慣:
習慣一,積極主動(Be Proactive)。對立的壞習慣為"Be The Victim” (Habit 1);
習慣二,以終為始(Begin with the End in Mind)。對立的壞習慣為“Begin with Squat in Mind” (Habit 2);
習慣三,要事第一(Put First Thing First)。對立的壞習慣為“Say Yes to Everything” (Habit 3);
習慣四,雙贏思維(Think Win/Win)。對立的壞習慣為“Think Win-Lose” (Habit 4);
習慣五,知彼解己(Seek to Understand, then Be Understood)。對立的壞習慣為“Seek to be Understood, and Then to Be Understood Again” (Habit 5);
習慣六,協作增效(synergize)。對立的壞習慣為“Minimize” (Habit 6);
習慣七,不斷更新(sharp the saw)。對立的壞習慣為“Burn Out” (Habit 7)。

Table of Contents
Part One, Paradigms and Principles
Inside-Out

The Seven Habits - An Overview
Part Two, Private Victory
Habit 1: Be Proactive - Principles of Personal Vision
Habit 2: Begin with the End in Mind - Principles of Personal Leadership
Habit 3: Put First Things First - Principle of Personal Management

Part Three, Public Victory - Paradigms of Interdependence
Habit 4: Think Win-Win - Principles of Interpersonal Leadership
Habit 5: Seek First to Understand, Then to Be Understood - Principles of Empathic Communication
Habit 6: Synergize - Principles of Creative Cooperation

Part Four - Renewal
Habit 7: Sharpen the Saw - Principles of Balanced Self-Renewal


Part I: Dependence to Independence(從依賴到獨立):
Habit 1: 做事主動:個人願景原則。(Be Proactive: Principles of Personal Vision)。
自我意識、想像力、良知、獨立意志是人類的四大天賦,也是職場人士天然具備的重要資源。但是,只有通過運用高效能的思維框架(例如區分關注圈與影響圈),才能將這些資源轉化為成果。人的效能受情緒、心境、刺激和外在環境等外在因素的影響。
Take initiative in life by realizing that your decisions (and how they align with life's principles) are the primary determining factor for effectiveness in your life. Take responsibility for your choices and the consequences that follow.

Habit 2: 以終為始:個人領導力原則。(Begin with the End in Mind: Principles of Personal Leadership)
做事開始就已想好了結尾。以終為始是一個人應有的職業習慣。以終為始的基礎是想像力 - 設想的能力、看到願景的能力、用自己的頭腦創造目前無法用眼睛看到的事物的能力。以終為始意味著,每天、每個任務、每個項目開始之前,你都要對自己的方向和目的有一個清晰的構思(即願景),然後再動員一切積極因素去實現它。任何機構和單位都需要具有“ 以終為始 ”素質的職業人。機構願景或者企業願景有賴於具有個人願景的人去落實。
Self-discover and clarify your deeply important character values and life goals. Envision the ideal characteristics for each of your various roles and relationships in life.

Habit 3: 要事第一:個人管理原則。(Put first thing first: Principles of Personal Management )。
(Put First Things First: Principles of Integrity & Execution)
重要的事先做。為了生活更加平衡,有些事情不做也是可以的。必要時也可以拒絕。但是哪些事情必須首先去做,哪些事情可以延後,判斷的標準是什麼?怎樣把注意力集中於自己的優先事務?人們普遍的習慣是急事先做,在多數情況下,愈是重要的事偏偏不緊迫。目前在培訓市場上流行的時間管理課程,屬於傳統的第三代時間管理理念。傳統時間管理的理論,以時間、規劃、控制、效率為重點,講求事半功倍,屬於一種強調效率和控制的思維。七個習慣課程講授的有關時間管理的全新思維方法,是一套講求關係建立,不注重行事日程的思維方法,它屬於第四代時間管理理念。可以設想這樣的情境:在以目標為導向的時代,當兩個目標乃至數個目標同時存在時,那麼這些目標的優先級該怎樣安排呢?換句話說,有限的時間資源究竟該優先給予哪個目標呢?本講會就這個問題給出明確的答案。
A manager must manage his own person. Personally. And managers should implement activities that aim to reach the second habit. Covey says that rule two is the mental creation; rule three is the physical creation.

Part II: Independence to Interdependence(從獨立到相互合作):
Habit 4: 雙贏思維:人際領導原則。(Think win/win: Principles of Interpersonal Leadership)。Think Win/Win: Principles of Mutual Benefit(思考問題採取雙贏的態度)。雙贏思維是在一切人際交往活動中不斷尋求互利的一種思維模式。怎樣在自己與他人之間建立互信關係?同事之間是否真心樂於分享?跨部門之間的協作是否以利人利己為目標?這些都是每個類型的組織給予高度關注的問題。
Genuine feelings for mutually beneficial solutions or agreements in your relationships. Value and respect people by understanding a "win" for all is ultimately a better long-term resolution than if only one person in the situation had gotten his way.

Habit 5: 知彼解己:移情溝通原則。(Seek first to understand, then be understood: Principles of Empathic Communication)
先理解別人,再要求別人理解自己。(Seek First to Understand, Then to be Understood: Principles of Mutual Understanding.)。
Use empathic listening to be genuinely influenced by a person, which compels them to reciprocate the listening and take an open mind to being influenced by you. This creates an atmosphere of caring, and positive problem solving.

Habit 6: 協作增效:創造性合作原則。(Synergize: Principles of Creative Cooperation)
創造性合作:整體達到的效果超過所有團隊人員單獨工作的效果之總和。(The result of the teamwork will exceed the sum of what each of the members could have achieved on their own.)協作增效又稱統合綜效。協作增效是建設性合作的習慣,意味著你能與他人共同創造一些個人單乾時達不到的業績。協作增效的實質是重視差異、尊重差異、建立優勢並彌補弱點。人們一旦經歷了真正的統合綜效,他們就不再放棄。在你能充分利用他人的優勢之前,你首先要承認並尊重他們的差異。對待人與人之間差異的態度,包括:排斥、容忍……還是尊重,或讚美?每一種態度都將對職業生涯產生重大影響。珍視差異並不代表全盤接受或認同。
The final habit is that of continuous improvement in both the personal and interpersonal spheres of influence.
Continual Improvement(繼續進步)。

Habit 7: 不斷更新:均衡自我更新的原則。(Sharpen the Saw: Principles of Balanced Self-Renewal)
不斷更新自己。
Balance and renew your resources, energy, and health to create a sustainable, long-term, effective lifestyle. It primarily emphasizes exercise for physical renewal, prayer (meditation, yoga, etc.) and good reading for mental renewal. It also mentions service to society for spiritual renewal.

參考資料




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